What is periodontal disease?
Periodontal disease is an infection of the gums and tissues that surround the teeth. It typically occurs when too much plaque and bacteria are allowed to build up on the gum line due to a lack of oral hygiene.
How are periodontal disease and gum disease different?
Most of the time, these two terms are used interchangeably and mean the same thing, referring to an infection of the gums and tissues surrounding the teeth. In some cases, “gum disease” specifically refers to the early stage of the infection, gingivitis, when it is only causing inflammation in the gums.
“Periodontal disease,” on the other hand, can sometimes refer to periodontitis, which is a more advanced infection where the actual bone surrounding the tooth is also being impacted. However, it’s safe to assume that either term generally refers to an oral infection.
What are the signs of gum disease/periodontal disease?
The early symptoms of gum disease typically include red, swollen, or tender gums that bleed whenever the teeth are cleaned. If left untreated for a long time, these symptoms can eventually become much more serious, including gum recession, loose teeth, chronic bad breath, and even tooth loss!