Periodontal disease is an infection of the gums and tissues that surround the teeth. It typically occurs when too much plaque and bacteria are allowed to build up on the gum line due to a lack of oral hygiene.
Most of the time, these two terms are used interchangeably and mean the same thing, referring to an infection of the gums and tissues surrounding the teeth. In some cases, “gum disease” specifically refers to the early stage of the infection, gingivitis, when it is only causing inflammation in the gums.
“Periodontal disease,” on the other hand, can sometimes refer to periodontitis, which is a more advanced infection where the actual bone surrounding the tooth is also being impacted. However, it’s safe to assume that either term generally refers to an oral infection.
Dental implants are unique in that they replace both portions of a missing tooth, as in the root and crown. Most other treatments only replace the crown. Once an implant post is securely placed within the jaw, an attachment called an abutment is connected directly to it. This is made of a sturdy metal, and it will be shaped like the tooth it is replacing. This will then be covered with an all-porcelain crown to make it appear more natural.
Of course, dental implants are quite versatile, and depending on a patient’s particular needs, they can be used to restore everything from a single tooth to an entire mouthful of teeth. In any case, all of the restorations work using this same basic principle.